1a. Select a Topic1b. Develop Research Questions1c. Identify Keywords1d. Find Background Information1e. Refine a Topic
2a. Find Books2b. Find Videos2c. Find Articles2d. Find Websites2e. Search Strategies
3a. Evaluate Sources3b. Primary vs. Secondary Sources3c. Types of Periodicals3d. Evaluating Websites
4a. Paraphrasing4b. Notetaking
5a. Plagiarism5b. MLA Citation Style5c. Works Cited Examples
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The Research Process: Step by Step  

This guide is designed to help you formuate a research strategy for locating and using information efficiently and responsibly.
Last Updated: Jan 21, 2016 URL: http://guides.jsc.edu/research Print Guide

About the Guide Print Page

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In the framework of JSC's new General Education Program, information literacy is considered an essential learning outcome.  Read our progress report to learn how faculty and librarians address the VSC Information Literacy Graduation Standard.


Research Process Overview

The research process typically includes five broad steps. Most often you complete one step before moving onto the next. However, there may be times when you will need to return to a previous step or complete multiple steps simultaneously.

Step 1. Develop a topic
Selecting a Topic | Develop Research Questions | Identify Keywords | Find Background Information | Refine a Topic

Step 2. Locate information
Find Books | Find Videos | Find Articles | Find Websites | Search Strategies

Step 3. Evaluate and analyze information and sources
Evaluate Sources | Primary vs. Secondary Sources | Types of Periodicals

Step 4. Use, organize and communicate information
Notetaking | Paraphrasing

Step 5. Comply with legal, ethical and moral standards
Plagiarism | MLA Citation Style | Works Cited Examples



Librarians at the JWU Denver campus created this original Libguide. With their permission, we have adapted and updated the pathfinder for the JSC academic community.


Ask a Librarian

Contact us with your questions and consider scheduling an appointment for a research consultation with me or one of our reference librarians.

Linda Kramer
Reference & Instruction Librarian

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Updates and revisions by Linda Kramer


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